руки, рояль, фортепиано
руки, рояль, фортепиано
руки, рояль, фортепиано



Classic FM is the UK’s only 100 per cent classical music radio station. Since we began broadcasting in September 1992, the station has brought classical music to millions of people across the UK.

We believe that classical music is the greatest genre of music ever written. Our aim is to share it with the widest possible audience, no matter who they area or where they are.  We always want to make sure that the performances we broadcast are of the utmost integrity and the highest quality. But, at the same time, we always try to break down some of the barriers which have grown up around classical music.

Classical music is at the heart of everything we do at Classic FM we believe classical music can and should be a part of everyone's lives - regardless of age, which is why the station starts young, with music education in schools an important part of its work. Classic FM makes classical music a relevant part of the modern lifestyle. To achieve this, the station plays familiar music alongside less known pieces, all chosen to uplift, soothe and stir the emotions.

Read more at http://www.classicfm.com/about-classic-fm/values-history/#Qx0DtGbxTrkUQAuy.99

Imitation, Genetic Lineages, and Time Influenced the Morphological Evolution of the Violin

Daniel H. Chitwood mail, October 08, 2014



Violin design has been in flux since the production of the first instruments in 16th century Italy. Numerous innovations have improved the acoustical properties and playability of violins. Yet, other attributes of the violin affect its performance less, and with fewer constraints, are potentially more sensitive to historical vagaries unrelated to quality. Although the coarse shape of violins is integral to their design, details of the body outline can vary without significantly compromising sound quality. What can violin shapes tell us about their makers and history, including the degree that luthiers have influenced each other and the evolution of complex morphologies over time? Here, I provide an analysis of morphological evolution in the violin family, sampling the body shapes of over 9,000 instruments over 400 years of history. Specific shape attributes, which discriminate instruments produced by different luthiers, strongly correlate with historical time. Linear discriminant analysis reveals luthiers who likely copied the outlines of their instruments from others, which historical accounts corroborate. Clustering of averaged violin shapes places luthiers into four major groups, demonstrating a handful of discrete shapes predominate in most instruments. Violin shapes originating from multi-generational luthier families tend to cluster together, and familial origin is a significant explanatory factor of violin shape. Together, the analysis of four centuries of violin shapes demonstrates not only the influence of history and time leading to the modern violin, but widespread imitation and the transmission of design by human relatedness.

© 2014 -


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